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  • Plaque is the sticky invisible coating that accumulates daily on the teeth and causes decay and gum disease.

  • Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day to remove plaque
  • Use a soft toothbrush
  • To help eliminate bad breath, brush top surface of tongue.
  • Flossing removes plaque between your teeth where the toothbrush cannot reach.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Don't snap floss between teeth.
  • Flossing can be tricky to learn for some people; if you have problems, ask your dentist
Proper Brushing Technique
Proper Flossing Technique

1. Place brush at 45 degree angle to gums.

2. Brush Gently in a circular motion for 5 seconds in each area


1. Wind about 18 inches of floss around index fingers. Most of it should be wrapped around one finger, and as the floss is used, the other finger takes it up.

2. Use thumbs and forefingers to guide about one inch of floss between teeth

3. Be sure to brush outer, inner and chewing surfaces of each tooth.

4. Use toe of brush for inner surface
of front teeth.


3. Holding the floss tightly, gently saw the floss between the teeth. Then curve the floss into a C-shape against one tooth and gently slide it beneath the gums.

4. Slide floss away from gum 3-4 times and repeat for each tooth.

Periodontal (Gum) Disease
1. If Plaque is not removed, it will cause the gums to bleed, a condition called gingivitis. Unremoved plaque can develop into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). 2. As plaque and calculus build up, the gum and bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw will be destroyed. This is usually irreversible. 3. Eventually, there will not be enough gum and bone remaining to hold the tooth in place, and the tooth will need to be removed.
  • A professional dental cleaning is the only way to have calculus removed.
  • This disease can be treated to prevent further bone loss. Consult your dentist.
  • Regular dental check-ups and cleanings and good home care will prevent this disease from occurring.
Tooth Decay
1. Acid from the plaque dissolves enamel causing a cavity which can spread to dentin. 2. If left untreated, the cavity enlarges until it reaches the pulp, which becomes infected. 3. An abscess develops and now the tooth requires root canal treatment in order to be saved.
  • Tooth decay (cavity or caries) can develop on any surface of any tooth.
  • Cavities grow; they are much easier and less expensive to treat when they are small.
  • Cavities may or may not cause discomfort; even though it doesn't hurt, the tooth is deteriorating.
  • Tooth decay should be checked for every six months by your dentist. X-rays to supplement the exam are generally taken annually.
  • Tooth decay is treated by your dentist by cleaning out the cavity and placing a restoration (filling) in the tooth.
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